Dr Aditya Rawal

Research Scientist

Facility: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Facility
Category: Academic Staff
Research profile: Click to view


B.E. (Polymer Engineering) University of Pune Maharashtra, India
M.B.A.: (Systems) University of Pune Maharashtra, India
Ph.D. (Chemistry) Iowa State University Iowa, USA

My Ph.D work was focused on the characterization of phosphate based synthetic and biological nanocomposite materials. I applied solid-state NMR methodology to investigate the structure at the interfaces of nanoscale heterogeneities and relate it to observed macroscopic properties


Promote the application of advanced solid–state NMR spectroscopy. To educate researchers in the abilities of NMR in answering specific questions regarding molecular interactions and structure. Develop and tailor NMR experiments to elucidate structural information in diverse set of organic, inorganic and hybrid materials. Assist and train students and researchers in the implementation and interpretation of NMR spectroscopic data


I use NMR spectroscopy as a tool to investigate fundamental questions of nanoscale structure, molecular interactions and dynamics which are relevant to material scientists. My post-doctoral research at University of California Santa Barbara and at the Ames Laboratory have focused on elucidating the structures of a diverse set of materials such as hydraulic cements, photovoltaic materials, and biomimetic materials. The NMR techniques used provide the necessary sensitivity and selectivity to investigate complex and often disordered materials, which are not otherwise amenable to XRD or EM or IR analysis.

Professional Organisations

Member of the American Chemical Society

Australia NewZealand Magnetic Resonance Society



Total quantification and extraction of shikimic acid from star anise (llicium verum) using solid-state NMR and cellulose-dissolving aqueous hydroxide solutions. Xu S., Hossain M. M., Lau B. B. Y., To T. Q., Rawal A., Aldous L.: Sustainable Chem Pharm 2017, 5:115-121. DOI: 10.1016/j.scp.2016.11.002

Nanoconfined lithium aluminium hydride (LiAlH4) and hydrogen reversibility. Wang L., Rawal A., Quadir M. Z., Aguey-Zinsou K.-F.: Int J Hydrogen Energy 2017, 42(20):14144-14153. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.04.104

Zirconium phosphonate sorbents with tunable structure and function. Veliscek-Carolan J., Rawal A., Luca V., Hanley T. L.: Microporous Mesoporous Mater 2017, 252:90-104. DOI: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2017.05.059

Photo-driven synthesis of polymer-coated platinized ZnO nanoparticles with enhanced photoelectrochemical charge transportation. Toe C. Y., Tan H. L., Boyer C., Rawal A., Thickett S. C., Scott J., Amal R., Ng Y. H.: J Mater Chem A 2017, 5(9):4568-4575. DOI: 10.1039/C6TA10665J

Pyrolysis of attapulgite clay blended with yak dung enhances pasture growth and soil health: Characterization and initial field trials. Rafiq M. K., Joseph S. D., Li F., Bai Y., Shang Z., Rawal A., Hook J. M., Munroe P. R., Donne S., Taherymoosavi S. et al: Sci Total Environ 2017, 607-608:184-194. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.186

Mechanisms of Sodium Insertion/Extraction on the Surface of Defective Graphenes. Pramudita J. C., Rawal A., Choucair M., Pontiroli D., Magnani G., Gaboardi M., Ricco M., Sharma N.: ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2017, 9(1):431-438. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b13104

Novel multidimensional carbons from structural transformations of waste lignin: A low temperature pyrolysis investigation. Khanna R., Ikram-Ul-Haq M., Rajarao R., Cayumil R., Rawal A., Sahajwalla V., Mukherjee P. S.: Fuel Process Technol 2017, 166:312-321. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.06.013

Redox-State Dependent Spectroscopic Properties of Porous Organic Polymers Containing Furan, Thiophene, and Selenophene. Hua C., Woo S., Rawal A., Tuna F., Hook J. M., Collison D., D'Alessandro D. M.: Australian Journal of Chemistry 2017, 70(11). DOI: 10.1071/ch17335

Preparation of composite zeolites in polymer hydrogels and their catalytic performances in the methanol-to-olefin reaction. Han L., Jiang X.-G., Lu T.-L., Wang B.-S., Xu J., Zhan Y.-Z., Wang J.-F., Rawal A., Zhao C.: Fuel Process Technol 2017, 165:87-93. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.05.018

Lattice evolution and enhanced piezoelectric properties of hydrothermally-synthesised 0.94(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-0.06BaTiO3 nanofibers. Ghasemian M. B., Rawal A., Wang F., Chu D., Wang D.: J Mater Chem C 2017:Ahead of Print. DOI: 10.1039/c7tc03812g

The Effect of Drug Loading on Micelle Properties: Solid-State NMR as a Tool to Gain Structural Insight. Callari M., Stenzel M. H., Callari M., De S. P. L., Rawal A.: Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2017, 56(29):8441-8445. DOI:



Discovery of homogeneously dispersed pentacoordinated AlV species on the surface of amorphous silica-alumina. Wang Z., Jiang Y., Yi X., Zhou C., Rawal A., Hook J., Liu Z., Deng F., Zheng A., Baiker A. et al: arXivorg, e-Print Arch, Phys 2016:1-13. DOI:

Mineral-Biochar Composites: Molecular Structure and Porosity. Rawal A., Joseph S. D., Hook J. M., Chia C. H., Munroe P. R., Donne S., Lin Y., Phelan D., Mitchell D. R. G., Pace B. et al: Environ Sci Technol 2016, 50(14):7706-7714. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b00685

Molecular structures driving pseudo-capacitance in hydrothermal nanostructured carbons. Latham K. G., Rawal A., Hook J. M., Donne S. W.: RSC Advances 2016, 6(16):12964-12976. DOI:

Site-specific synthesis of a hybrid boron-graphene salt. Kahlert J. U., Austin C. J. D., Hall A. J., Rawal A., Hook J. M., Rendina L. M., Choucair M.: Chem Commun (Cambridge, U K) 2016, 52(6):1290-1292. DOI: 10.1039/C5CC07611K

Redox tunable viologen-based porous organic polymers. Hua C., Chan B., Rawal A., Tuna F., Collison D., Hook J. M., D'Alessandro D. M.: Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2016, 4(13):2535-2544. DOI:

Sodium insertion/extraction from single-walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes: The differences and similarities. Goonetilleke D., Pramudita J. C., Choucair M., Rawal A., Sharma N.: Journal of Power Sources 2016, 314:102-108. DOI:

Nanocellulose characteristics from the inner and outer layer of banana pseudo-stem prepared by TEMPO-mediated oxidation. Faradilla R. H. F., Lee G., Rawal A., Hutomo T., Stenzel M. H., Arcot J.: Cellulose (Dordrecht, Neth) 2016, 23(5):3023-3037. DOI: 10.1007/s10570-016-1025-8

Evidence of decoupling protein structure from spidroin expression in spider dragline silks. Blamires S. J., Kasumovic M. M., Tso I. M., Martens P. J., Hook J. M., Rawal A.: Int J Mol Sci 2016, 17(8):1294/1291-1294/1213. DOI: 10.3390/ijms17081294



The electronic, optical and magnetic consequences of delocalization in multifunctional donor-acceptor organic polymers. Rizzuto F. J., Hua C., Chan B., Faust T. B., Rawal A., Leong C. F., Hook J. M., Kepert C. J., D'Alessandro D. M.: Phys Chem Chem Phys 2015, 17(17):11252-11259. DOI: 10.1039/C5CP00081E

Solid-state NMR as a probe of anion binding: molecular dynamics and associations in a [5] polynorbornane bisurea host complexed with terephthalate. Rawal A., Hook J. M., Robson R. N., Gunzelmann D., Pfeffer F. M., O'Dell L. A.: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2015, 17(34):22195-22203. DOI:

Bioactive poly (methyl methacrylate) for bone fixation. Ravarian R., Murphy C. M., Schindeler A., Rawal A., Hook J. M., Dehghani F.: RSC Advances 2015, 5(75):60681-60690. DOI:

Feeding biochar to cows: An innovative solution for improving soil fertility and farm productivity. Joseph S., Doug P., Dawson K., Mitchell D. R., Rawal A., James H., Taherymoosavi S., Van Zwieten L., Joshua R., Donne S.: Pedosphere 2015, 25(5):666-679. DOI:



Solid-State NMR Structure Characterization of a 13CO-Labeled Ir (I) Complex with a P, N-Donor Ligand Including Ultrafast MAS Methods. Tregubov A. A., Linser R., Vuong K. Q., Rawal A., Gehman J. D., Messerle B. A.: Inorganic chemistry 2014, 53(14):7146-7153. DOI:10.1021/ic500128y

Specific molecular structure changes and radical evolution during biomass-polyethylene terephthalate co-pyrolysis detected by 13C and 1H solid-state NMR. Ko K.-H., Sahajwalla V., Rawal A.: Bioresour Technol 2014, 170:248-255. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.06.109

Analysis of thermal degradation kinetics and carbon structure changes of co-pyrolysis between macadamia nut shell and PET using thermogravimetric analysis and 13 C solid state nuclear magnetic resonance. Ko K.-H., Rawal A., Sahajwalla V.: Energy Conversion and Management 2014, 86:154-164. DOI:

Carborane functionalization of the aromatic network in chemically-synthesized graphene. Kahlert J. U., Rawal A., Hook J. M., Rendina L. M., Choucair M.: Chemical Communications 2014, 50(77):11332-11334. DOI:

Exploiting stable radical states for multifunctional properties in triarylamine-based porous organic polymers. Hua C., Rawal A., Faust T. B., Southon P. D., Babarao R., Hook J. M., D'Alessandro D. M.: Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2014, 2(31):12466-12474. DOI:

Microstructural characterization of white charcoal. Chia C., Joseph S., Rawal A., Linser R., Hook J., Munroe P.: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 2014, 109:215-221. DOI:

Superior chemotherapeutic benefits from the ruthenium-based anti-metastatic drug NAMI-A through conjugation to polymeric micelles. Blunden B. M., Rawal A., Lu H., Stenzel M. H.: Macromolecules 2014, 47(5):1646-1655. DOI:



Synthesis of per-deuterated alkyl amines for the preparation of deuterated organic pyromellitamide gelators. Yepuri N. R., Jamieson S. A., Darwish T. A., Rawal A., Hook J. M., Thordarson P., Holden P. J., James M.: Tetrahedron Letters 2013, 54(20):2538-2541. DOI:

Molecular interactions in coupled PMMA-bioglass hybrid networks. Ravarian R., Wei H., Rawal A., Hook J., Chrzanowski W., Dehghani F.: J Mater Chem B 2013, 1(13):1835-1845. DOI: 10.1039/c2tb00251e

Templated and Bioinspired Aqueous Phase Synthesis and Characterization of Mesoporous Zirconia. Liu X., Ge Q., Rawal A., Parada G., Schmidt-Rohr K., Akinc M., Mallapragada S. K.: Science of Advanced Materials 2013, 5(4):354-365. DOI:

Shifting paradigms: development of high-efficiency biochar fertilizers based on nano-structures and soluble components. Joseph S., Graber E., Chia C., Munroe P., Donne S., Thomas T., Nielsen S., Marjo C., Rutlidge H., Pan G.: Carbon Management 2013, 4(3):323-343. DOI:

Analysis of phase separation in high performance PbTe–PbS thermoelectric materials. Girard S. N., Schmidt‐Rohr K., Chasapis T. C., Hatzikraniotis E., Njegic B., Levin E., Rawal A., Paraskevopoulos K. M., Kanatzidis M. G.: Advanced Functional Materials 2013, 23(6):747-757. DOI:



Origins of saccharide-dependent hydration at aluminate, silicate, and aluminosilicate surfaces. Smith B. J., Rawal A., Funkhouser G. R., Roberts L. R., Gupta V., Israelachvili J. N., Chmelka B. F.: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2011, 108(22):8949-8954, S8949/8941-S8949/8946. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1104526108

Reduced Crystallinity and Mobility of Nylon-6 Confined near the Organic-Inorganic Interface in a Phosphate Glass-Rich Nanocomposite Detected by 1H-13C NMR. Rawal A., Kong X., Meng Y., Otaigbe J. U., Schmidt-Rohr K.: Macromolecules (Washington, DC, U S) 2011, 44(20):8100-8105. DOI: 10.1021/ma201756q

Understanding and controlling organic–inorganic interfaces in mesostructured hybrid photovoltaic materials. Neyshtadt S., Jahnke J., Messinger R., Rawal A., Segal Peretz T., Huppert D., Chmelka B., Frey G.: Journal of the American Chemical Society 2011, 133(26):10119-10133. DOI:

Biomimetic self-assembling copolymer− hydroxyapatite nanocomposites with the nanocrystal size controlled by citrate. Hu Y.-Y., Liu X., Ma X., Rawal A., Prozorov T., Akinc M., Mallapragada S. K., Schmidt-Rohr K.: Chemistry of Materials 2011, 23(9):2481-2490. DOI:



Unifying Design Strategies in Demosponge and Hexactinellid Skeletal Systems. Weaver J. C., Milliron G. W., Allen P., Miserez A., Rawal A., Garay J., Thurner P. J., Seto J., Mayzel B., Friesen L. J. et al: J Adhes 2010, 86(1):72-95. DOI: 10.1080/00218460903417917

Molecular silicate and aluminate species in anhydrous and hydrated cements. Rawal A., Smith B. J., Athens G. L., Edwards C. L., Roberts L., Gupta V., Chmelka B. F.: Journal of the American Chemical Society 2010, 132(21):7321-7337. DOI:

Strongly bound citrate stabilizes the apatite nanocrystals in bone. Hu Y.-Y., Rawal A., Schmidt-Rohr K.: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences 2010, 107(52):22425-22429. DOI:



Dispersion of silicate in tricalcium phosphate elucidated by solid-state NMR. Rawal A., Wei X., Akinc M., Schmidt-Rohr K.: Chemistry of Materials 2008, 20(7):2583-2591. DOI:

Promotion of the γ‐phase of polyamide 6 in its nanocomposite with phosphate glass. Rawal A., Fang X. W., Urman K., Iverson D., Otaigbe J., Schmidt‐Rohr K.: Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics 2008, 46(9):857-860. DOI:

Synthesis and characterization of ionic block copolymer templated calcium phosphate nanocomposites. Kanapathipillai M., Yusufoglu Y., Rawal A., Hu Y.-Y., Lo C.-T., Thiyagarajan P., Kalay Y., Akinc M., Mallapragada S., Schmidt-Rohr K.: Chemistry of Materials 2008, 20(18):5922-5932. DOI:



A new NMR method for determining the particle thickness in nanocomposites, using T2, H-selective X {H1} recoupling. Schmidt-Rohr K., Rawal A., Fang X.-W.: The Journal of chemical physics 2007, 126(5):054701. DOI:

Rawal A.: NMR investigations of biological and synthetic phosphate-based nanocomposites. 2007.

Synthesis and characterization of self-assembled block copolymer templated calcium phosphate nanocomposite gels. Enlow D., Rawal A., Kanapathipillai M., Schmidt-Rohr K., Mallapragada S., Lo C.-T., Thiyagarajan P., Akinc M.: Journal of Materials Chemistry 2007, 17(16):1570-1578. DOI:



Detection of nanometer-scale mixing in phosphate-glass/polyamide-6 hybrids by 1H-31P NMR. Rawal A., Urman K., Otaigbe J. U., Schmidt-Rohr K.: Chemistry of Materials 2006, 18(26):6333-6338. DOI:



Bulk magnetization and nuclear magnetic resonance of magnetically purified layered silicates and their polymer-based nanocomposites. Levin E., Rawal A., Bud’ko S., Kracher A., Schmidt-Rohr K.: Journal of applied physics 2005, 98(11):114315. DOI: